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Recycling Station

Arden, Danmark

Modulo Recycle


A solution that matches the needs

Joint Combustion I / S, which includes to operate recycling sites for Mariagerfjord Municipality, chose to establish a completely new recycling site in Arden.

The municipality already had an existing older facility in Rostrup at the time, but as it was located in a protected nature area, and unfortunately it was not possible to modernize / improve it.

It was therefore decided to build the new recycling site on Myhlenbergvej in Arden, and this project included all the improvements that came from the experience of the similar projects.

This time the lower platform is a combination of lower and higher with higher Modulo elements, which serve as a workshop and garage for vehicles. The lower modules allow high containers to be used as railing. The low modules make it easier for the residents to shovel their concrete waste and rubble into the bins.

On top of the tall modules there is an office, lunch room, customer washroom and facilities that allow the staff to change.

Citizens have been very happy and satisfied with the new solution. It has become easy to get rid of its waste and recyclables

– Benny Eriksen, Afdelingsleder Genbrug Fællesforbrændingen I/S, Hobro

Citizens have been very happy and satisfied with the new solution. It has become easy to get rid of its waste.

– Benny Eriksen, Head of Department Recycling Joint Combustion I / S, Hobro

Better conditions for both employees and citizens

With the new solution it has become easy and manageable for the citizens to get rid of their waste. When they stand on the platform, they have an overview – and can review all the fractions.

The employees at the square have also had a good overview. With the new solution, they have become closer to the citizen, and can thus correct fault sorting before the waste smokes in the container.

Nowadays, you are thinking of a lot of working conditions for employees. This space not only provides employees with proper conditions – but also the citizens have improved conditions when they come to sort their waste. Now they can throw the waste into the containers, and not as before, upon the containers

We are very proud of our cooperation with Modulo concrete. They have been extremely capable and were able to adapt many of their solutions to our needs.

There is no doubt that we have been “test cloth” in the development of their solutions, which we are actually quite happy with!

Because of this we have been able to keep up with the process and they were able to adapt the way it meets our needs.

– Benny Eriksen Common Combustion in Hobro

Illegal Dumping Solutions & Garbage Drop Off Center

Illegal Dumping Prevention Guidebook

Modulo Recycle

Illegal dumping, also know as “fly dumping”, “midnight dumping or “wildcat dumping” is a major problem in many communities throughout the united states. It raises significant concerns regarding public health & safety, property values & quality of life. An effective illegal dumping prevention program must be customized to address the factors contributing to the problem in a given community. this handbook contains general information about illegal dumping and guidance for developing a prevention program.

Modulo Recycling & Reuse Centres

Mobilising The Public to Avoid Illegal Dumping of Bulky Waste

Modulo Recycle


Used furniture and mattresses, broken television sets, refrigerators, building materials, packaging and branches piling up by the road side or at open grounds is very unsightly. This is, however, a very common and highly visible reality in many urban and rural areas throughout Malaysia.

Any unauthorised disposal of waste at public or privately-owned land is considered illegal dumping. Households, businesses, contractors and waste collectors who are not willing to travel the distance to proper disposal sites or to pay for the transport or tipping fees are all common offenders.

Waste types commonly found illegally dumped include:

  • Used furniture and mattresses
  • Household appliances and electrical goods such as washing machine, television, radio, computer
  • Green wastes such as branches and trees stumps
  • Construction wastes such as bricks and concrete
  • Commercial and industrial waste such as packaging materials and off-cuts

Illegal dump sites tend to continue accumulating waste once the site has been used as an illegal dumping site and to reappear immediately after having been cleared.

Illegal dump sites are very un-aesthetic, being a very visible eyesore and creating an unpleasant environment. However, this is not the only problem with illegal dumping.

Illegal dumping can disrupt proper drainage areas, causing them to become more susceptible to flooding. Dumping can disturb vegetation and wildlife and it can contaminate soil, surface as well as ground water, giving rise to severe negative environmental impact.

In addition, illegal dump sites often become breeding ground for rodents, insects and vermins which may be disease-carriers. Besides, they also pose as a risk to people, especially children who enter the illegal dump sites might be exposed to physical injuries from sharp edges, protruding nails, etc. or to diseases through contact with infectious or poisonous materials.

Local Authorities spend huge sums every year clearing illegal dump sites, including cleaning up drains and rivers which are often clogged by illegally dumped waste. As much as RM 50 million may be spent by the Local Authorities every year on clearing illegal dump sites in Peninsular Malaysia.

Illegal Dumping Solutions

Illegal dumping of construction waste costing Lower Mainland taxpayers

Modulo Recycle

During his daily nine-kilometre run along some of Richmond’s rural roads, Andrew Waldichuk started to notice the garbage.

He’d see old appliances, toilets, furniture, garbage bags, Styrofoam and drywall – a lot of drywall. In early January, on a remote strip of Cambie Road, he and his running buddies spotted about 30 bags marked “asbestos” dumped alongside a berry farm. He’d never seen so much illegal construction waste on this stretch of blueberry, cranberry, corn and cattle farms.

Mr. Waldichuk showed me the spot on a sunny day this week. We pulled up to a wide ditch where ducks and a heron lingered. Among the bramble someone had dumped a toilet, garbage bags of drywall and fluorescent-light fixtures. Across the way lay a stack of drywall on the edge of a farm.

The environmental hazards are clear. The area is abundant with bird species. Nearby, workers are crouched, pruning. Mr. Waldichuk, a lawyer who works in Richmond, has made a practice of phoning the city over the dumping. He uses orange pylons to mark the debris to make it easier for city staff to spot.

“I have phoned in couches, furniture, desks, a rotting cow’s head. Everything gets dumped out here,” he says.

“The mercury from that fluorescent tubing will leach into the water here, and that’s a crime.”

Food safety is an issue, too. City of Richmond spokesman Ted Townsend points out that local farmland is filled with irrigation canals. Contaminants from construction waste such as asbestos and mercury could easily seep into the soil.

Illegal dumping – much of it construction and household waste – has become a fact of life for the Lower Mainland. It is the byproduct of a housing boom where the rush is on to make money, get the job done and cut costs. Some people are choosing to dump their garbage instead of making the trip to an out-of-the-way processing facility where they’ll have to pay fees. But the cost of cleanup, which can be substantial, is transferred to the taxpayer.

Because dumping is on the rise in Vancouver, the city is planning to more aggressively tackle the problem this year.

“There’s been so much development and construction going on in the Lower Mainland in general, we are seeing a lot more of it,” says Vancouver’s director of waste management and resource recovery, Albert Shamess. “The only theory I’ve come up with is just the drastic increase in development in the last couple of years. It’s skyrocketed.

“I think it’s driven by economics – people don’t want to pay the tipping fee to dispose of it properly.”

In Vancouver, illegally dumped construction waste was up 20 per cent in 2016 from the year before. In 2015, 6,858 construction waste items were reported, compared with 8,207 in 2016. That doesn’t include furniture, metal and electronics. There were almost 75,000 illegally dumped items found throughout the city last year.

Costs for cleanup and investigation came in at $1.5-million. For 2017, the city has budgeted $1.9-million for cleanup of illegally dumped garbage.

It has budgeted more, Mr. Shamess says, because it’s planning to ramp up its approach to the dumping. He says city crews need to respond more quickly to clean up at the dumping sites, because if they don’t, those sites quickly grow. For some reason, when people see garbage dumped in a spot, they add to it.

“It’s surprising where you do find it – in back lanes, under bridges. One of the challenges we have is wherever there’s an area slated for development, and they put up those blue fences, automatically it becomes a dumping ground.”

He says staff have caught a few of the dumpers. They’ve even been able to track them through the items they’ve dumped, which have included information such as a company name. The fines run from $150 to $10,000.

“We did have some last year that were in the thousands, but we haven’t got up to $10,000,” Mr. Shamess says. “In some cases, it’s individuals or small contractors.”

To get the junk out of the alleys, the city is planning a pilot project this year that will offer big-item pick-up of household goods. Mr. Shamess says they’ve got to figure out the cost of the service, how to pay for it and other logistics.

Surrey has had a similar program for the past decade, but the problem is that most people don’t know about it. So part of the city’s attack plan on garbage is to educate people that they don’t have to drop that furnace or couch in the back alley. The city will pick it up.

Rob Costanzo, manager of engineering operations, says Surrey spent a little more than $1-million on cleanup costs from illegal dumping in 2015. The amount had doubled since 2005. Again, the increase correlated with housing construction. At one point, he says, they even hired former police officers to sit in cars at dumping locations at night and try to catch people. It didn’t work.

“A good majority of it is construction type waste, or renovation type waste,” Mr. Costanzo says. “We are trying to wrap our heads around how to reduce the impact of illegal dumping.”

It hasn’t been easy because Surrey is geographically big. But after a year of aggressively tackling the problem, it has gotten cleanup costs down to $580,000. The next phase is a pilot project in the northwest part of the city involving 2,200 households, which has been hit hardest with dumping.

“We’re placing cameras in the neighbourhood, and going door to door, to knock on doors and let them know about the large-item pickup program, educate them about illegal dumping and bylaw infractions,” Mr. Costanzo says.

If their efforts have an impact, they’ll tackle other areas of Surrey.

Recycling Boxes

Crackdown on Illegal Dumping

Modulo Recycle


Councils play a crucial part in managing and preventing illegal dumping in their local areas. They are most familiar with local conditions and problems and bear significant illegal dumping clean-up costs.

Local government has a considerable capacity to prevent illegal dumping as a result of its multiple roles in the community. Councils not only regulate illegal dumping incidents after they have occurred, but also have a crucial role in preventing illegal dumping through environmental planning, community education, providing waste collection and disposal services and managing public land.

In 2004, the DEC researched illegal dumping and its effect on local government in NSW. The research identified the need for the DEC’s leadership and co-ordination and recommended it develop an illegal dumping prevention guidebook for local government. This recommendation, together with funding received through the City and Country Program, drove the development of the Crackdown on Illegal Dumping handbook.

This handbook draws upon research by University College London into fly tipping in England. It is the first step in working with local government in NSW to crack down on illegal dumping and reduce the subsequent environmental, social and financial costs associated with this criminal activity. The handbook encourages a framework for preventing the illegal dumping of solid waste that focuses on minimising opportunities that give rise to illegal dumping. The DEC has also produced a Multi-Unit Dwelling Illegal Dumping Prevention Campaign Council Resource Kit (2006) to assist urban councils with high density residential populations.

Councils are responding to illegal dumping using a variety of methods with varying degrees of effectiveness*. This handbook is designed to help local government crack down on illegal dumping and its particular causes. It suggests well-designed and wellfocused methods that reduce opportunities for illegal dumping by modifying the environment, improving regulatory action, focusing education messages and improving services. If councils incorporate these methods into their illegal dumping prevention programs they can substantially curtail the illegal dumping of solid waste.

The idea is to make illegal dumping harder and less attractive by using the following illegal dumping prevention mechanisms:

  1. Increase the effort: make access difficult.
  2. Increase the risks of getting caught.
  3. Reduce the rewards: deny financial benefits.
  4. Reduce provocations: don’t give them a reason to dump.
  5. Remove excuses: educate and inform the community.

The information contained in the handbook is advisory in nature, and readers are encouraged to use it to develop procedures and policies to prevent illegal dumping relevant to local circumstances. It is not intended to be read cover to cover but to instead be a guide whose sections can be referred to when needed.

Household Hazardous Waste Recycling Centre

2017 Excellence Award Entry

Modulo Recycle

Executive Summary (150 words)

Niagara Region opened two new permanent household hazardous waste (HHW) depots in early 2016, to better service our residents. Prior to 2016, Niagara Region offered 14.5 event days (held on Saturdays) and one small permanent HHW depot servicing a portion of residents residing in the west end of Niagara.

With a capital budget of $1.5M, Niagara Region was able to construct two new HHW depots using a modular design, rather than using a traditional construction approach. The concrete built modular HHW depots are the first of its kind in Ontario, Canada.

The two depots have been operating for over a year and a half. Based on the first-year results, below, compared to the previous year, opening the permanent depots has been an enormous improvement for Niagara Region and its residents.

Household Hazardous Waste Management Company

Household Hazardous Waste Depots

1. Design and Planning of Collection Facility

  • What considerations were included in the planning process?

Recognizing that the 14.5 HHW (household hazardous waste) event days (117 hours), held on Saturdays between April and November, and one small permanent HHW depot at Niagara 12 Landfill Site (only available to 4 of 12 area municipalities due to operating license) did not provide a convenient means for residents to dispose of HHW, Niagara Region included appropriate funds in its nine-year capital forecast budget to construct permanent household hazardous waste depots. In 2012, Niagara Region began to research and further explore the construction of one additional permanent HHW depot to complement its Niagara Road 12 HHW depot.

In 2014, staff recommended that the Region reduce the number of HHW event days and that a second permanent HHW depot be pursued, based on the results of a cost benefit analysis. The cost benefit analysis considered two service options: the replacement of the HHW event days with: two

(2) new permanent HHW depots and a partial service location, or one (1) new HHW permanent depot, a partial service location, and three (3) to eight (8) HHW event days (depending on the permanent depot location).

Staff assessed various alternative service delivery scenarios, including consideration of Regional ownership with contracted-out operations, and privately-owned and operated HHW depots. Staff undertook a comprehensive Expression of Interest (EOI) process to determine if third party owned and operated locations were feasible. Based on the results, it was determined not to be feasible to have a privately owned and operated HHW depot.

Following the results of the EOI process, Niagara Region decided to construct the HHW depots on Region-owned property and contract out the operations and transportation/disposal of the HHW in two separate contracts. Dillon Consulting provided a conceptual design and cost estimate to construct HHW depots at region-owned locations and with Council approval, proceeded to tender out the construction contract. The final options included constructing HHW depots at Humberstone Landfill in Welland, Thorold Transportation Yard in Thorold, and a partial service HHW depot (paints, oil, propane cylinders and batteries only) at the Bridge Street Landfill Public Drop-Off Depot in Fort Erie. The Region chose to move forward with a modular design which allowed two new HHW depot locations to be constructed for the same cost to build a single, permanent, traditional HHW building. This was not the lowest cost option, but provided a considerable increase in service level, consistent for all residents across the region. The rationale for the recommended service option is as follows:

Access, proximity and drive time for residents to Region sites is most effective under the two depot scenario:

  • Thorold Yard HHW Depot could easily provide a convenient drop off location for residents living in Niagara Falls, St. Catharines, Thorold, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Humberstone Landfill would provide a convenient drop location for residents of Welland, Port Colborne, Wainfleet, partial Pelham and partial Fort Erie
  • Bridge Street HHW depot in Fort Erie provides partial service for HHW items such as paint, oil, batteries and propane cylinders which represent approximately 60% of the HHW volume. This offsets the distance required to travel for the most common HHW items. Fort Erie residents also have access to the permanent depot locations for other HHW material, with the closest location being approximately 30 km away.
  • Improved convenience – recommended locations for HHW depots would provide direct access to Waste and Recycling Drop-off Depots that accept other material that residents need to dispose of or recycle providing a one-stop drop location.
  • All HHW depots will have open access for residents from any municipality within approximately 20 km or 25 minute drive time.
  • HHW service will be comparable to that provided by other jurisdictions in Ontario.

The development of two (2) HHW depots supported the Region’s goal to provide year-round access for proper disposal of HHW with minimal impact to the operating budget. In addition, a second HHW depot increased the hours of access and greater convenience to a facility designed to manage the safe disposal of hazardous materials and reduce the risk of environmental impact related to illegal disposal of hazardous substances; as a result, all HHW event day were eliminated in 2016.

How did you decide on the system or program design?

Modular design options were considered over permanent building structures to ensure a cost effective service could be provided. The modular design options were required to meet regulation and storage requirements for Fire Codes and Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MOECC). Heating, venting, fire and explosion construction, spill containment, separation of material types, foundation and safety requirements were all considerations in the design.

The new HHW depots included modular type hazardous waste storage units set up with a receiving area to facilitate receipt and storage of HHW. Staff worked closely with the consultant to ensure the design would include the necessary operational requirements and meet the Region’s legislative responsibility. The conceptual design and cost included:

  • Supply of modular hazardous waste storage system unit
  • Integration of HHW operation into existing site
  • Traffic flow
  • Site works including utilities, installation, roads
  • Capacity (various size of storage units)

What factors did you consider to be most important?

Increased service for residents and reduced operational costs were the most important factors considered when transitioning from HHW event days to permanent depots. Research showed that based on the approved budget, the Region would be able to substantially increase operating hours and the ability to conveniently serve residents, provide a more convenient and consistent service level for the same or less cost. Increased accessibility would lead to increase diversion of HHW from landfill.

In combination with the existing Niagara Road 12 HHW depot, the addition of two HHW depots would provide an effective and consistent service for all residents in Niagara. The selected locations would also allow residents to conveniently combine the drop-off of HHW with other materials that require disposal or recycling at, or immediately adjacent to, existing Waste & Recycling Drop-off Depots.

The locations and service recommended offered the most effective coverage and provided an improved service to residents, in addition to:

  • Consistent service level across Niagara region;
  • Residents look to government to provide proper disposal options for their HHW; a long term solution will be provided with permanent depot service;
  • Environmental improvements by diverting more HHW through improved access, as people are less likely to dump hazardous waste in the garbage, down the drain or illegally;
  • Greater access at minimal cost impact to residents;
  • High level of customer service delivery through quick, efficient service with little to no wait time.
  • For permanent facilities, describe the facility design.

The operating hours for both HHW depots mirror the permitted Waste and Recycling Drop-off Depot operating hours from Monday to Friday 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday and statutory holidays 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. The HHW depots are open for a maximum number of 312 days per year (6 days per week for 52 weeks a year).

The HHW depots consist of a concrete modular hazardous waste storage units designed and constructed to store hazardous waste that has been packaged for final shipment. The design features of the unit include:

  • Meet all regulations and codes for storage of hazardous waste including but not limited to:
  • Ontario MOECC Guidelines for Environmental Protection Measures at Chemical and Waste Storage Facilities, National Fire Code, Ontario Fire code, and National Fire Protection Association complaint (NFPA)
  • Fire Safety – two-hour fire rated construction
  • Built in spill containment with removable grating for access and cleaning – containment volume will include 10% of the total capacity plus capacity of largest container

Chemical compatibility separation with minimum three internal compartments with separate access doors

  • Electrical outlets and lighting equipment to meet NFPA
  • Emergency eye/face wash stations in each compartment
  • Dry chemical fire extinguishers in each compartment
  • Lockable doors for security
  • Emergency lights
  • Exterior grounding
  • Exterior lighting for security
  • Shelves for storage of supplies and
  • Insulted
  • materials
  • Heater to prevent freezing
  • No smoking signs
  • Ventilation to exterior

Each site is equipped with the following features:

  • Outdoor fenced compound for storage of compressed cylinders (e.g. propane) and lead acid (vehicle) batteries
  • Concrete pad where the modular hazardous waste storage unit, fenced compound, oil tank and working area will be located on
  • Drive through lanes for easy public drop-off of HHW
  • Covered outdoor area in front of the HHW storage unit for receiving, sorting and lab packing HHW under
  • A kiosk office with phone that is heated/cooled for the HHW depot attendant

Humberstone HHW Depot

The HHW depot location was contoured with the surrounding area to ensure appropriate visibility, connection to existing road network, safety and storm water flow. The storm water at the new depot flows into the existing drainage ditches to the existing stormwater system.

Depot storage capacity of:

  • 150 x 205 L drums
  • 4500 L oil tank
  • 80 compressed cylinders
  • 80 lead acid batteries

A double-walled oil tank for collection of residential motor oil was installed at

the HHW depot for bulking oil received from residents providing appropriate secondary containment. The tank is 4500 L capacity and has a fill box, pump out and platform for loading. The tank meets all required standards for storage of non-hazardous liquid motor oil.

Please refer to Figure 1 to illustrate the setup and flow of waste through the depot.

Residents dropping of HHW at the Humberstone Landfill Site are able to conveniently access the HHW depot without having to pass over the landfill scale, which serves all residents and businesses dropping off waste and recycling material at the adjacent drop-off depot; on a busy day, the scale can have 600-700 cars pass over it! The HHW is weighed when shipped off site for recycling or disposal.

Thorold Yard HHW Depot
The Thorold HHW depot location was contoured with the surrounding area to ensure appropriate visibility, connection to existing road network, safety and storm water flow. The surface and storm water at the new depot flow into the existing drainage ditches along Thorold Stone Rd. Swales were installed along each side of the internal road to direct storm water to the ditches. The swales also

prevent direct flow to the north toward the existing fire retention pond and adjacent wetland. An Environmental Impact Study was conducted prior to construction to obtain approval and permits from the Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority to build.

Depot storage capacity of:

  • 300 x 205 L drums
  • 2 x 4,500 L oil tank
  • 150 compressed cylinders
  • 170 lead acid batteries

Please refer to Figure 2 to illustrate the setup and the flow of traffic through the depot. .

Included in the Thorold Yard HHW depot design is a secondary road behind the storage unit on the west side to accommodate any overflow traffic and is also used for transporting HHW. The lane can also be gated to prevent access when not required.

Once residents have placed their HHW material in leak-proof totes on the sorting table, the material is sorted based on chemical compatibility by a qualified attendant and placed into the properly labeled drum or container. The drums are filled to capacity, sealed, weighed and placed in the modular storage unit for future shipment.

All packaged HHW is stored inside the compartmentalized modular hazardous waste storage unit that separates HHW by chemical compatibility with fire rated walls:

  • Motor oil is deposited into the designated oil tank located on the west end of the receiving area where cooking oil will be deposited into separate containers.
  • Compressed cylinders and lead acid batteries are safely stored in designated outdoor locked storage cages.
  • Sharps and needles will be deposited into an approved container for proper handling of sharps/needles. No other pathological waste is accepted.
  • Describe the program’s role in local community’s integrated solid waste management effort.

These HHW depots are essential to manage the disposal of HHW materials. With the elimination of HHW event days, these HHW depots provide consistent service across the region, allowing residents to dispose of their HHW year-round, with seamless traffic flow and minimal to no wait times.

  • Discuss the overall merits and impact of the special waste collection program.

Niagara Region made a successful transition from HHW events days to permanent HHW depots and has seen a substantial increase in vehicles serviced (↑98%) and the volume of material (↑15%) received since opening in February 2016 at Humberstone Landfill Site and March 2016 at Thorold Yard. In 2016, Niagara Region collected 901 metric tonnes of HHW material and serviced 45,037 vehicles, compared to 782 metric tonnes of HHW material and 22,705 vehicles in 2015. In addition to the increase in material collected and vehicles processed, the HHW depots are open annually for a total of 5,498 hours, compared to the 117 hours for the event days in 2015 which is 4,599% increase in hours of operation.

The associated cost to operate the HHW depots is comparable to the previous budget required to operate the HHW events. The Region continues to receive positive feedback from residents regarding the improved customer service and vastly reduced wait time with the new permanent depots, compared to the event days. With the depots operating full time and located in close proximity to other Waste & Recycling Drop-off Depot locations, Niagara residents can conveniently dispose of a wide variety of materials. In addition, with consistent staff working at the HHW depots and rigorous waste screening procedures for the HHW attendants, Niagara Region can ensure the safe and proper handling of HHW, and continue to achieve the 87% recycling rate of all HHW material received at the HHW depots.

What is unique about this facility that takes it to the ‘excellence’ level?

The construction of concrete modular hazardous waste storage facilities in Niagara Region were the first of its kind in Ontario, Canada. These facilities were constructed with extensive built-in safety features, and designed with customer service in mind. The design of the Thorold HHW depot even incorporated a contingency for heavy traffic flow, allowing the option to process vehicles at the back end of the depot.

In addition, the HHW depots are equipped with a sophisticated tracking system for depot operation, which allow the Niagara Region to meet their ECA from the MOECC including; daily inspections, refusals, spills, maintenance, and material volume tracking. This system also accounts for safety procedures including full depot operation manuals with the opportunity for offsite staff to monitor or review on an ongoing basis.

These depots are visited on a frequent basis from municipalities across Ontario to see the design and operational set up as well as other interested groups such as Communicates in Bloom, Municipal and Waste Association Committees. The depots were also featured as presentation topic at the Canadian Waste to Resource Conference in November 2016.

2. Use of Equipment/Systems and Technologies

  • Describe equipment used at the facility, including its efficiency and effectiveness.

There is a variety of equipment used for daily operations of the HHW depots. The material tracking database is used at the HHW depots to record daily and monthly inspections, refusals, spill, maintenance, and volume tracking. In addition, there are specialized storage compartments, based on chemical compatibility with built in spill containment, energy efficient LED lighting and use of photocell technology for exterior lighting and security, and explosion proof exhaust fans for air exchange within each storage unit. On site, there is also a drum scale for accurately weighing and tracking volume of material received and shipped including a ticket printer.

  • Demonstrate how the equipment is ‘state of the art’ and how it contributes to minimizing impact on human health, resource conservation and the environment.

Further to safe and proper storage of hazardous waste in accordance with all laws, regulations and codes of the Province of Ontario, the HHW depots are equipped with features to minimize the impact on human health and the environment. Features such as built-in spill containment, double walled oil system, explosion proof smoke detection, fire resistant doors, mechanical aeration fan, and electronic forced air heaters help to minimize impacts on human health and the surrounding environment. The concrete modular design and partition walls with internal compartments for chemical compatibility also reduce risk. The concrete design, specifically designed features (extra wide doors, level entry/exit to permit moving pallets in and out) and the attention to detail during construction set these HHW depots apart from the typical depot style most commonly seen across Ontario.

  • Explain the facilities waste screening procedure based on materials collected.

A qualified attendant inspects the HHW material to ensure it is an acceptable type, contained and labeled. The attendant confirms the origin of the HHW material brought to the depot with the resident, to ensure the material was generated within Niagara region and is residential. All acceptable, residential HHW from Niagara region is identified, sorted, packaged by chemical compatibility and stored in the modular storage unit for future shipping at the HHW depots. All residents are required to provide the name of the municipality they are bringing HHW from, and the attendant is responsible for recording the number of cars received daily. The HHW depot accepts the following waste classes:

  • Paints, pigments and coatings
  • Fertilizers
  • Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals -Acids
  • Miscellaneous inorganic chemicals -Bases
  • Aliphatic Solvents – Antifreeze
  • Petroleum distillates – Fuel
  • Pesticides and Herbicides – Pesticides
  • Oil and Lubricants – Motor oils
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Miscellaneous Organic chemicals – Flammable/solvents
  • Pathological Waste – Sharps/needles only
  • Compressed gas and cylinders -Propane, helium

If HHW material arrives that is not labeled or easily identifiable, the attendant attempts to identify the HHW according to chemical category to which it may belong for packaging.

If the HHW is unacceptable or suspected to contain unacceptable HHW or is from a commercial source, it is refused and the resident is directed to alternate commercial HHW company for proper disposal. The following waste types are not accepted:

  • Pathological (other than sharps)
  • Radioactive
  • PCB’s
  • Explosive / Ammunition

For any rejected HHW material, the attendant also records the license plate, type of material and why it was rejected. This information is recorded in the tracking database. In the event that by-law enforcement officers find the same material illegally dumped nearby, Niagara Region has the license plate to allow for further investigation.

  • What do you do with the special waste collected? Have you incorporated source reduction, reuse and recycling in your disposal of wastes collected?

The main goal of the Region’s HHW program is to recycle any material where possible and dispose of non-recyclable material through registered disposal sites. 87% of all HHW material collected in 2016 was recycled! In terms of reuse, paint makes up the majority of material that is recycled and is reused by a local manufacturer who blends similar colours or old paint to manufacture new paint. Examples include Blue Moose Recycled Paint sold at Giant Tiger in Canada or Loop Recycled Paint sold at Wal-Mart. Oil is the second largest volume received and is recycled as well. Both of these materials are 100% recycled.

In the Region’s transportation, disposal and recycling contract there is a requirement for reusing and recycling of any HHW where possible.

The following materials collected at the HHW depots are 100% recycled:

  • Paint (drums, boxes, pails)
  • Oil filters (labpack)
  • Antifreeze (bulk drum)
  • Propane Transport 20 lbs & bigger
  • Propane cylinders (single use)
  • Thermometers (Mercury devices)
  • Fire extinguishers (metal)
  • Fluorescent Tubes and Compact
    fluorescent Bulbs
  • Vehicle batteries (lead acid)
  • Waste oil
  • Rechargeable batteries (drums)

3. Environmental Benefit & Regulatory Compliance

  • Explain how the site complies with environmental laws and regulations, particularly those that are unique to your community

Each HHW depot has an Environmental Compliance Approval (ECA), issued by the MOECC. The ECA is the license to operate, and is referred to for specific details. Copies of the ECA and Design & Operations Report are included in the Operation Manual at each depot for reference.

The ECA sets specific conditions for HHW at the depots. Some conditions include:

    • daily tonnage and onsite storage limits
  • time limits for storage
  • prevention of adverse effects and potential environmental impacts
  • secondary containment and spill prevention
  • waste classes approved to accept / receive
  • waste classes approved to generate / ship
  • No Industrial, Commercial or Institutional (ICI) Hazardous Waste can be accepted
  • Only approved material from Niagara region residents can be accepted.

To comply with the ECA, the data below are tracked daily:

  • Container Summary
  • Vehicle Count
  • Daily Inspections
  • Monthly Inspections
  • Refusals
  • Complaints
  • Maintenance
  • Spill/Use
  • Describe and include in supporting documentation any awards, letters of support or facility inspection data that provide third-party verification of your facilities regulatory record.

The MOECC has completed an inspection of the Humberstone HHW depot and it is in compliance, the Thorold Yard HHW depot inspection is set to be scheduled in 2017. A ribbon cutting ceremony was held for the official opening of the HHW depots on March 14, 2016, supported by Regional Councilors, Regional Chair, Mayors, and members of the Regional waste management advisory committee. Figure 3 shows an example of the monthly inspections completed by staff, and are recorded in the material tracking system to ensure ongoing compliance is maintained.

  • Describe any regulatory citations received and how problems were corrected.

There have been no regulatory citations received for any of the Region’s HHW Depots.

4. Worker Health & Safety

  • Describe employee training frequency and topics. What safety procedures do you use and how do you enforce them? Include injury rates and what methods used to reduce injuries.

Training takes place on a regular basis which includes an initial training and annual refreshers. There have been no injuries to date. In accordance with the operation permit, all personnel in charge of the operation of HHW depots are required to be:

  • Trained, knowledgeable and qualified to receive, handle, document, segregate, store and ship
  • Trained in the refusal procedures
  • Trained on the Environmental Compliance Approval related to the HHW operation
  • Trained in the applicable legislation including but not limited to Ontario Regulation 347 and Transportation of Dangerous Goods
  • Trained in emergency procedures and equipment use
  • Trained in the environmental concerns and Occupational Health and Safety related to HHW
  • Trained in recording procedures related to daily records
  • Trained in Inspection procedures related to Maintenance
  • Trained in recording procedures related to public complaints
  • Receive annual refresher training
  • Any other staff or labourers, will be under the direct supervision of someone who has the required qualifications and training as required

5. Performance, Economics & Cost-Effectiveness

  • How do you measure success for the special waste collection facility?

In 2015, a total of 782,701 kg of material was collected during HHW event days held by Niagara Region. This consisted of 14.5 separate days where residents would come to dispose of their HHW. During the 14.5 event days, 22,702 vehicles were serviced. In 2016, with the opening of the 2 new depots, 901,184 kg of material was collected and 45,037 vehicles were serviced, with the elimination of all event days. The was a significant decrease in the cost per vehicle for the entire HHW program, from $8.39 net cost per vehicle (cost minus funding) in 2015, to $2.30 net cost per vehicle in 2016.

The amount of customers, or vehicles serviced, along with the tonnage collected are indicators supporting the success of the program within its first year. It is expected the increase in residents serviced and tonnage is due to the increased convenience, paired with appropriately selected locations. Continued promotion and education is used to drive resident engagement and communicate the use of these HHW depots year-round rather, than the previous event days where residents would experience long wait times on Saturdays, in order to properly dispose of their HHW.

  • Does your operation performance equal or exceed the goals and expectations you set? If not, what are your lessons learned, and what are you doing to improve?

Niagara Region has exceeded its initial goals and targets for the HHW depots. The construction budget was $1.5 million (to build one site), and the actual expenditure was $1.47 million, 2% under budget, for the construction of two permanent HHW depots. In 2016, with opening the permanent HHW depots, Niagara achieved 45,307 vehicles served, exceeding the previous year by 98%. In 2016, with opening the HHW depots, Niagara received 901 metric tonnes HHW material, exceeding the previous year by 15%.

  • If you have a facility, how much downtime does it have, how long is each instance on average and what measures have been taken to reduce downtime?

There is no downtime at the HHW depots; both operate Monday to Saturday, year-round. There are also measures in place in the contract to ensure contractor personnel are always available to ensure no downtime. A call-in procedure is used for attendant absences to ensure replacement attendants are available. The transportation, disposal and recycling contract allows for 24 hour service to ensure the site always maintains capacity to remain open.

  • How does your organization foster customer service? How do you determine whether you are doing a good job in responding to customer concerns?

Niagara Region has a corporate customer service policy that involves putting the customer first, and enhancing ways we can interact with customers to make our services more accessible. Customer service is part of the ongoing annual training for staff operating the depots. Based on direct feedback from customers, they really enjoy the improved service level for safely disposing of their HHW and there have been no complaints thus far. In addition, there are customer service standards in the operation’s contract requiring the contracted operator to provide prompt, efficient, friendly and professional service that requires residents to be serviced no longer than 10 minutes after arrival.

  • Explain whether the facility operates within its budget and whether costs are appropriate. How long it has taken, or will take, for the organization to recoup costs. Explain how return on investment funds, are applied to enhancing programs, doing education outreach.

The facilities operate within budget. It should be noted charges are based on volume for the recycling/disposal costs and costs for nine Phase 1 items (paint, single use batteries, antifreeze, empty oil and antifreeze containers, fertilizer, pesticides, solvents and pressurized cylinder are funded through MOECC Municipal Hazardous and Special Waste (MHSW) Program Plan. Other materials collected are paid for by Niagara Region. As volume increase, so does this portion of operating expense. The volume increases are accounted for during the annual budget process. By converting the program from event based to permanent depots, Niagara Region has seen a substantial decline in cost per vehicle in the annual operating budget.

Niagara Region uses a competitive procurement process to procure the third party contractors who operate the HHW depots and transport and dispose of the HHW collected. There is no specific return on investment; however the capital cost to develop the depots was considered during the program change and was part of the analysis considered for approval by Council. Niagara Region had a budget of $1.5 million to construct one new HHW depot, and was able to open two new modular style HHW depots for the same cost. The HHW capital costs are amortized over a 20-year period.

Education and outreach costs are included as part of the annual operating budget. The HHW depots are advertised in local newspapers, annual Regional publications such as Green Scene, Collection Guides, website and various social media channels including acceptable materials, and hours of operation.

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6. Public Acceptance, Appearance and Aesthetics

  • Provide evidence that the facility is a good neighbor. Describe your public relations program and the types of public education. What community concerns were raised?

Convenient, year-round access to the HHW depots will reduce the improper disposal of HHW in the garbage or down toilets and drains. This has a cascading positive impact on the environmental, as well as on the municipalities that are able to not only properly dispose of HHW, but also save virgin materials by recycling a large portion of the material received at the HHW depots. The HHW program is continuously promoted using a variety of marketing strategies, including social media, web, newsletters, brochures and print publications. In addition to promotion and education materials, Niagara Region staff promote the depots at events as part of their outreach efforts. The Orange Box is one of the promotional tools developed to support the HHW program, and is aimed at engaging residents in conversation

about the HHW depots. The Orange Box is designed to help residents safely collect, store and transport hazardous waste material to the nearest HHW depot. These boxes are equipped with a sticker that identifies acceptable materials, and has the drain holes plugged to safely contain any HHW material should there be a spill or leak in the containers. To receive an Orange Box, residents complete a survey and the results are utilized by Niagara Region staff to understand the best way to communicate with residents about programs and what potential barriers for proper disposal of HHW exist in the community.

Household Hazardous Waste Management Centre

To date approximately 2100 Orange Boxes have been given away at special events across Niagara region, including during the opening weeks of the HHW depots to the first 100 visitors to each of the new HHW depots. To date staff has seen over 260 customers use the Orange Boxes to safely deliver HHW to the depots.

Prior to construction of the HHW depots, a component of the ECA was to engage in public consultation, notifying nearby residents that the depots were being constructed, and acted as an opportunity for residents to address any complaints or concerns. There were no concerns raised as there was a plan to meet compliance, and associated regulatory and safety requirements.

  • How do you ensure that the facility is clean and aesthetically pleasing?

The concrete modular design fits with the purpose of the depot, and is industrial in appearance. Residents are encouraged through promotion and education materials to ensure contents are properly sealed to avoid spills or leaks when unloading their material. Depot staff often receives comments how nice the depot looks and is kept. The visual appearance provides confidence to residents that HHW is being properly handled. In the operation agreement, the company running the site must maintain cleanliness.