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Residential Waste & Garbage Drop Off Sites

Residential drop off Solution Paderborn Germany

Modulo Recycle

Modulo recently completed its new residential and small businesses drop off solution/ recycling center for Paderborn Germany. Immediately after installation, residents started to use the facility. Modulo was involved from start to finish as well as maintenance. Modulo provided consultancy services including initial design, final design production, installation, and maintenance services.

The initial design services included a number of alternative solutions. All parties involved, including City Staff, Architect, and Modulo worked closely together in order to meet timelines.

The installation of the Modulo system ( within 5 days) allowed the Contractor to meet his targets easily. As a result, the project was executed on time and on budget.

The city officials very much wanted to integrate the Modulo solution with existing on-site activities, which have continued to increase as a result of continuing changing management practices as well as continuing changes in environmental regulations, requiring more and more recyclable materials to be received and handled.

The conventional site allowed only for a reduced, fixed number of activities/ recyclable materials, resulting in queuing, lengthy waiting times for the residents and small businesses.

Community Recycling Centre

The Modulo Centre

Modulo Recycle

A new approach to recycling depots

The waste and recycling depot is a fixture of Canadian waste man-agement. Depots come in all shapes and sizes, from a few bins scat-tered around a muddy yard to large above-grade saw-tooth design facilities. They offer residents the ability to dispose of recyclables and wastes directly into bins. In most cases the types of recyclables that can be dropped off are much broader than what can be left at the curb, and can capture a significant amount of recyclable materials.

In Canada, depots tend to be the mainstay of smaller municipalities that, in some cases, don’t have curbside collection. However, they’re also used by larger municipalities to provide residents a place to bring materials in between collection days, as well as handle recyclables for which there are no curbside programs.

All current depots are designed as one-of-a-kind systems that incur the costs of site-specific engineering and construction, commensurate with size and sophistication.

Modulo-Béton, of France, has developed the patented Modulo Centre, modular depots using pre-cast concrete building pieces that can be assembled to build above-grade depots.

Remember playing with Lego as a kid, putting together modular pieces, limited only by your imagination? The Modulo-Béton offers the

Waste Recycling Center

typically made from asphalt or concrete. Once the base is completed, the assembly of the depot begins, which can typically be accomplished between two and five days. With a few final finishing touches such as railings and splash guards, the depot is ready to operate. The client can add options such as heated floors.

The depots, which can be suitable for small or large municipalities, are modular and can be expanded and changed as required to accom-modate additional recycling streams, or even picked up and moved to another location. The Modulo Centre allows flexibility that other fixed systems do not allow.

Installations

Within just six years of being launched, more than 200 of these facilities have been constructed, mostly throughout Europe (and more recently in Africa and Asia). Ideally they’re built close to residential areas to stimulate recycling.

A 2012 Dutch government document on how to recycle 65 per cent of household waste recognized that a well laid out and organized re-cycling depot is critical in attracting a variety of recyclables for which curbside programs are inefficient.

 

In Lelystad, a city of about 70,000 in the Netherlands, the old re-

same opportunity, on grander (and grown up) scale.

The key blocks or modular building pieces are 3 x 4 metres and 3 x 3 metres with heights ranging from 90 cm to 300 cm. The pieces include two walls and a flat top surface (essentially creating a concrete table). Each block is like an engineered “macro” waiting to be assembled into whatever configuration. They can be laid end-to-end and side-to-side to form the raised driving surface and platform of the depot. Ramps are used to allow vehicles to get to the platform. They can be assembled in the configuration that suits the site and municipal needs. They can also be fitted with heated driving surfaces as may be required in our cold climate and safety fencing.

Because the building blocks are built from load-bearing reinforced (and locally manufactured) concrete, it provides a unique and critical advantage over other above-grade depots. The space below the main platform is entirely usable. Its use is also only limited by one’s imagina-tion: consider office space, equipment and recyclables storage. It can eliminate the need for outbuildings.

To build a depot the customer develops a design and footprint for the depot. Because the units have no subsurface foundations, only ground works are typically required for drainage and surfacing. The base is

The Modulo Béton centres allow a rapid flow-through of vehicles and also improves the ease of dumping various recoverable materials into bins.

cycling depot was replaced with a new 22-container-bay Modulo Béton facility in 2010. Over a number of weeks the old depot was dismantled and the groundwork for the new facility completed.

The upgraded depot design results in a more rapid flow-through of vehicles and also improves the ease of dumping various recoverable ma-terials into bins. As the author’s cousin (and Lelystad resident) notes, it’s a “handy place” to leave all manner of separated recyclables. The key advantages of the Lelystad facility are: easy to access and use; better sorting of recyclables; improved cost control (from better screening of incoming waste to prevent the receipt of unauthorized commercial and out-of-town waste — residents can get a pass to enter the facility.

In Canada, Scotiabank is supporting the lease of these facilities, soft costs included. Modulo has recently sold its first system in Canada to EastForest Homes, a large residential developer and home builder in Kitchener, Ontario, for one of its construction sites. A completion of the development project, the depot can be moved for use at the next development site, making it an asset rather than a liability that needs to be cleaned up.

Drop off center & eco center

Grand Opening Kanasetake Mohawk eco-centre

Modulo Recycle

On 31 October Kanasetake Mohawk community celebrated the Grand Opening of their community Eco-Center, the Ratihontsanonhstats Kanasetake.

Eugene Nicolas, Environmental Project Manager, Mohawk Council of Kanasetake commented: “ This site was developed as part of the environmental program we are implementing to reduce  illegal dumping and improving our control of waste and management.  The site allows us to handle drop off in a very practical and efficient manner. The Community is very pleased,  remarked its uniqueness, and its clean way of handling waste and recyclables. We are using the space under the modular system to store cards, electronics as well as other more valuable recyclables. The site is very successful and visited daily by many residents and general public  since it opened.”

Eco Center
Eco Center

Modular Thinking

Modulo Recycle

Think of the Modulo-Beton system as a 3D jigsaw puzzle of concrete sections that slot together to form a range of potential recycling/civic amenity site solutions. the advantages? Malcom bates went to Holland to find some first-hand; he came back with a significant list. Item one: save loads of time:save pots of money…

Regular readers of MVO will already know of my local “tidy tip” experience and my thoughts on the decision to close it while it was remodelled.

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solid waste transfer station

On Site Modular Thinking

Modulo Recycle

The new Modulo-Beton installation at Lamby Way, Cardiff is an excellent example of how this versatile modular concrete decking system can be adapted to suit any HWRC site. Malcolm Bates went to have a look…

Wisely, Cardiff City Council decided to monitor the success of this new facility before the official opening, just to make sure everything worked as well in practice as it looked in theory. But, after spending the morning observing how residents were using the new facility – and talking to them as they left – it’s quite clear that it’s a vast improvement over the old traditional “bring site” which stands next door, awaiting demolition and redevelopment.

The word “installation” is the key here – the whole new facility was installed in just under three weeks on what was previously just a flat bit of land beside the entrance to a busy landfill site. The surface was given a tarmac makeover, but no groundwork was needed before the inverted U-shaped concrete blocks were unloaded from a fleet of trucks, craned into place and then bolted tight together to form a solid deck 2.6 metres above ground level.

The drive-on deck level enables residents to unload their unwanted items and place them safely into a line of hooklift containers located at ground level.

Access to the upper level deck is via an inbound ramp at one end and an exit ramp at the other; the ramp incline sections are also part of the kit and, like the whole system, can be taken apart and moved – or the configuration changed – should this be necessary during the operational life of the site.

A key feature of the layout is that residents’ cars and hooklift trucks and plant are kept separate, so the whole site doesn’t have to be closed while containers are moved.

The Lamby Way site at Cardiff is the third Modulo-Beton installation in the UK to date, but it is the largest and most interesting in that it also includes a steel canopy to protect staff and residents from the elements during the unloading process. This enables the site to be used more comfortably in wet and windy weather… not a bad idea considering that Cardiff Bay is just down the road!

In contrast to a rather timid approach to the concept here in the UK so far, the system is already in widespread use throughout Europe, Scandinavia and even as far away as Canada and California.

You’ll notice that the word “new” is only used in the context of Cardiff – the Modulo-Beton system itself is not new. It was launched in France in 2004 and I first spotted it at the Ecomondo show in Rimini something like eight years ago. So

why has it been so slow to catch on in the UK?

Because it’s a “foreign” import? That can’t be it… half the RCVs we use in Britain are made in Germany.

Because it’s expensive? That can’t be it either… true, while each standard modular concrete block costs around £4,000 a pop (installed) and a typical site is going to require over 100 standard blocks plus various special sections. That doesn’t sound cheap, but that’s forgetting two very important facts…

No Groundworks Required

Firstly, as the 10-tonne reinforced concrete blocks are bolted together, they can be unbolted again and, should requirements change, the installation can be expanded in size… or moved entirely to another site as required. You can’t do that with a traditional construction.

And secondly? As a quick inspection at ground level under the deck confirms, a Modulo-Beton installation is literally laid out on a flat surface, bolted together and the joints exposed to the weather sealed. Job done. There is no need for any expensive excavation, or foundations of any kind… all that’s required is a flat stable surface that will take the weight.

That means a Modulo-Beton installation can be situated on a former landfill site (as in Cardiff), on reclaimed land, or brownfield sites where normal construction methods would not be feasible.

Henk Kaskens of Modulo-Beton maintains that, if required, a small rural HWRC installation could be erected in one week and be in use by the next. By using a team of company engineers (who arrive on site with all they need to do the job – except for a locally-hired mobile crane, which is pre-booked) there is a much-reduced chance  of any delay, or cost overrun as the assembly process is not so dependent on the weather.

The Cardiff facility took a little longer because of the decision to fit a steel canopy, but three weeks is a massive improvement over the best part of the 12 months taken by my local council to demolish a simple flat site (which used rail-mounted compactors and steps) and build an upper deck by traditional means by pouring concrete into shuttering.

And when that was all finally finished? Well, it’s literally set in stone isn’t it? It can’t be moved, or even modified. That’s a great pity as it’s since been discovered that whoever drew-up the plans didn’t take into account of the fact that cars and SUVs have got larger in recent years.

Garbage drop off & transfer station

The end result? After just a few months, both inbound and outbound ramps are covered in battle scars from unfortunate residents’ cars.

But there was another issue: how were residents supposed to dispose of unwanted household items while the construction of the new facility took place on the old site?

“You’re permitted to drive anything up to 10 miles to the next nearest council site,” suggested the expensive colour brochure issued by my local council. It forgot to mention “at your own cost” and also made no apology for the fact that the remaining sites were already overcrowded. Perhaps it was no surprise that fly-tipping reached reportedly new heights during the site closure period.

A Can Do Approach

In contrast to a list of “don’ts” found at my local council site (don’t put your messy rubbish in a trailer, don’t come in a van, don’t try getting rid of more than two car tyres a year, etc), Cardiff residents visiting the new Lamby Way HWRC site have the luxury of not having to ruin the interiors of their cars when getting rid of messy unwanted materials. They’re allowed to hire a van, or bring stuff to the site on a trailer. The only proviso is that they must be Cardiff residents.

A simple ID check is considered enough to prevent abuse at this stage, but a free residents ID card is a possible option should this be found necessary to prevent what might be called “waste tourism” by residents living in other council areas.

So how does it all work? The answer is surprisingly well.

Residents enter the site from a roundabout and are guided to a control cabin, before being directed to either the upper deck or, for items such as white goods, that are not so easy to throw, to disposal stations at ground level.

There are 22 container stations covering a full range of different factions (several of each), arranged down the side of the deck. These are attended to by three staff on the

Waste Management Transfer Station

upper level and a Doosan “Wheely” with driver on the lower level to help ensure the containers are neatly loaded and compacted. At Lamby Way, the containers are located end-on to the upper level deck and the public protected by barriers but, if required, a “herringbone” layout for the hooklift containers can be specified. This has the benefit of allowing a greater loading area. The Lamby Way facility doesn’t include toilets, a site office or mess room facilities for staff, as these already exist nearby, but self-contained “modules”complete with services “plumbed- in” are also included in the product range, if required. At sites in Europe, it’s even common to find a council-run “charity shop” selling unwanted items back to the public, with the under-deck area used for storage and sorting… a great idea [and there are some becoming established here in the UK too, but agreed – a good idea – Ed].

In Conclusion

Now let’s see… utilise a versatile, well-proven modular system that can deliver a working facility within a couple of weeks. Or take months – a year even – to demolish, excavate and construct something that will do roughly the same job, but without any secure under deck storage capability. And with far more disruption to local residents and Council Tax payers. Which sounds best? Surely, it’s a no-brainer?

Electronic Waste Transfer Station
Dump Transfer Station & Site

Modulo Betan Leading by Example

Modulo Recycle

Austria is a beuatiful country with high values of environmental awareness & protection. The population of 8.7 million enjoy a high standard of living. Vienna is a cultural “Must See” tourist destination. so where does the small, former spa town of bad Voslau (pop 11,700) come into the picture then? Malcolm Bates will explain…

It would be quite easy to miss the intersection for Bad Voslau on the main Autobahn.

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Community Recycling Centre
Modulo Recycling & Reuse Centres

Mobilising The Public to Avoid Illegal Dumping of Bulky Waste

Modulo Recycle

Introduction

Used furniture and mattresses, broken television sets, refrigerators, building materials, packaging and branches piling up by the road side or at open grounds is very unsightly. This is, however, a very common and highly visible reality in many urban and rural areas throughout Malaysia.

Any unauthorised disposal of waste at public or privately-owned land is considered illegal dumping. Households, businesses, contractors and waste collectors who are not willing to travel the distance to proper disposal sites or to pay for the transport or tipping fees are all common offenders.

Waste types commonly found illegally dumped include:

  • Used furniture and mattresses
  • Household appliances and electrical goods such as washing machine, television, radio, computer
  • Green wastes such as branches and trees stumps
  • Construction wastes such as bricks and concrete
  • Commercial and industrial waste such as packaging materials and off-cuts

Illegal dump sites tend to continue accumulating waste once the site has been used as an illegal dumping site and to reappear immediately after having been cleared.

Illegal dump sites are very un-aesthetic, being a very visible eyesore and creating an unpleasant environment. However, this is not the only problem with illegal dumping.

Illegal dumping can disrupt proper drainage areas, causing them to become more susceptible to flooding. Dumping can disturb vegetation and wildlife and it can contaminate soil, surface as well as ground water, giving rise to severe negative environmental impact.

In addition, illegal dump sites often become breeding ground for rodents, insects and vermins which may be disease-carriers. Besides, they also pose as a risk to people, especially children who enter the illegal dump sites might be exposed to physical injuries from sharp edges, protruding nails, etc. or to diseases through contact with infectious or poisonous materials.

Local Authorities spend huge sums every year clearing illegal dump sites, including cleaning up drains and rivers which are often clogged by illegally dumped waste. As much as RM 50 million may be spent by the Local Authorities every year on clearing illegal dump sites in Peninsular Malaysia.

Illegal Dumping Solutions

Illegal dumping of construction waste costing Lower Mainland taxpayers

Modulo Recycle

During his daily nine-kilometre run along some of Richmond’s rural roads, Andrew Waldichuk started to notice the garbage.

He’d see old appliances, toilets, furniture, garbage bags, Styrofoam and drywall – a lot of drywall. In early January, on a remote strip of Cambie Road, he and his running buddies spotted about 30 bags marked “asbestos” dumped alongside a berry farm. He’d never seen so much illegal construction waste on this stretch of blueberry, cranberry, corn and cattle farms.

Mr. Waldichuk showed me the spot on a sunny day this week. We pulled up to a wide ditch where ducks and a heron lingered. Among the bramble someone had dumped a toilet, garbage bags of drywall and fluorescent-light fixtures. Across the way lay a stack of drywall on the edge of a farm.

The environmental hazards are clear. The area is abundant with bird species. Nearby, workers are crouched, pruning. Mr. Waldichuk, a lawyer who works in Richmond, has made a practice of phoning the city over the dumping. He uses orange pylons to mark the debris to make it easier for city staff to spot.

“I have phoned in couches, furniture, desks, a rotting cow’s head. Everything gets dumped out here,” he says.

“The mercury from that fluorescent tubing will leach into the water here, and that’s a crime.”

Food safety is an issue, too. City of Richmond spokesman Ted Townsend points out that local farmland is filled with irrigation canals. Contaminants from construction waste such as asbestos and mercury could easily seep into the soil.

Illegal dumping – much of it construction and household waste – has become a fact of life for the Lower Mainland. It is the byproduct of a housing boom where the rush is on to make money, get the job done and cut costs. Some people are choosing to dump their garbage instead of making the trip to an out-of-the-way processing facility where they’ll have to pay fees. But the cost of cleanup, which can be substantial, is transferred to the taxpayer.

Because dumping is on the rise in Vancouver, the city is planning to more aggressively tackle the problem this year.

“There’s been so much development and construction going on in the Lower Mainland in general, we are seeing a lot more of it,” says Vancouver’s director of waste management and resource recovery, Albert Shamess. “The only theory I’ve come up with is just the drastic increase in development in the last couple of years. It’s skyrocketed.

“I think it’s driven by economics – people don’t want to pay the tipping fee to dispose of it properly.”

In Vancouver, illegally dumped construction waste was up 20 per cent in 2016 from the year before. In 2015, 6,858 construction waste items were reported, compared with 8,207 in 2016. That doesn’t include furniture, metal and electronics. There were almost 75,000 illegally dumped items found throughout the city last year.

Costs for cleanup and investigation came in at $1.5-million. For 2017, the city has budgeted $1.9-million for cleanup of illegally dumped garbage.

It has budgeted more, Mr. Shamess says, because it’s planning to ramp up its approach to the dumping. He says city crews need to respond more quickly to clean up at the dumping sites, because if they don’t, those sites quickly grow. For some reason, when people see garbage dumped in a spot, they add to it.

“It’s surprising where you do find it – in back lanes, under bridges. One of the challenges we have is wherever there’s an area slated for development, and they put up those blue fences, automatically it becomes a dumping ground.”

He says staff have caught a few of the dumpers. They’ve even been able to track them through the items they’ve dumped, which have included information such as a company name. The fines run from $150 to $10,000.

“We did have some last year that were in the thousands, but we haven’t got up to $10,000,” Mr. Shamess says. “In some cases, it’s individuals or small contractors.”

To get the junk out of the alleys, the city is planning a pilot project this year that will offer big-item pick-up of household goods. Mr. Shamess says they’ve got to figure out the cost of the service, how to pay for it and other logistics.

Surrey has had a similar program for the past decade, but the problem is that most people don’t know about it. So part of the city’s attack plan on garbage is to educate people that they don’t have to drop that furnace or couch in the back alley. The city will pick it up.

Rob Costanzo, manager of engineering operations, says Surrey spent a little more than $1-million on cleanup costs from illegal dumping in 2015. The amount had doubled since 2005. Again, the increase correlated with housing construction. At one point, he says, they even hired former police officers to sit in cars at dumping locations at night and try to catch people. It didn’t work.

“A good majority of it is construction type waste, or renovation type waste,” Mr. Costanzo says. “We are trying to wrap our heads around how to reduce the impact of illegal dumping.”

It hasn’t been easy because Surrey is geographically big. But after a year of aggressively tackling the problem, it has gotten cleanup costs down to $580,000. The next phase is a pilot project in the northwest part of the city involving 2,200 households, which has been hit hardest with dumping.

“We’re placing cameras in the neighbourhood, and going door to door, to knock on doors and let them know about the large-item pickup program, educate them about illegal dumping and bylaw infractions,” Mr. Costanzo says.

If their efforts have an impact, they’ll tackle other areas of Surrey.

Recycling Boxes

Crackdown on Illegal Dumping

Modulo Recycle

OVERVIEW OF THIS HANDBOOK

Councils play a crucial part in managing and preventing illegal dumping in their local areas. They are most familiar with local conditions and problems and bear significant illegal dumping clean-up costs.

Local government has a considerable capacity to prevent illegal dumping as a result of its multiple roles in the community. Councils not only regulate illegal dumping incidents after they have occurred, but also have a crucial role in preventing illegal dumping through environmental planning, community education, providing waste collection and disposal services and managing public land.

In 2004, the DEC researched illegal dumping and its effect on local government in NSW. The research identified the need for the DEC’s leadership and co-ordination and recommended it develop an illegal dumping prevention guidebook for local government. This recommendation, together with funding received through the City and Country Program, drove the development of the Crackdown on Illegal Dumping handbook.

This handbook draws upon research by University College London into fly tipping in England. It is the first step in working with local government in NSW to crack down on illegal dumping and reduce the subsequent environmental, social and financial costs associated with this criminal activity. The handbook encourages a framework for preventing the illegal dumping of solid waste that focuses on minimising opportunities that give rise to illegal dumping. The DEC has also produced a Multi-Unit Dwelling Illegal Dumping Prevention Campaign Council Resource Kit (2006) to assist urban councils with high density residential populations.

Councils are responding to illegal dumping using a variety of methods with varying degrees of effectiveness*. This handbook is designed to help local government crack down on illegal dumping and its particular causes. It suggests well-designed and wellfocused methods that reduce opportunities for illegal dumping by modifying the environment, improving regulatory action, focusing education messages and improving services. If councils incorporate these methods into their illegal dumping prevention programs they can substantially curtail the illegal dumping of solid waste.

The idea is to make illegal dumping harder and less attractive by using the following illegal dumping prevention mechanisms:

  1. Increase the effort: make access difficult.
  2. Increase the risks of getting caught.
  3. Reduce the rewards: deny financial benefits.
  4. Reduce provocations: don’t give them a reason to dump.
  5. Remove excuses: educate and inform the community.

The information contained in the handbook is advisory in nature, and readers are encouraged to use it to develop procedures and policies to prevent illegal dumping relevant to local circumstances. It is not intended to be read cover to cover but to instead be a guide whose sections can be referred to when needed.

Waste Disposal Sites

Belgian Building Blocks

Modulo Recycle

Ian Dudding visits Belgium to find out more about a range of pre-cast units that are being used in the construction of household waste recycling centres and waste transfer stations

Whilst much attention within the industry is focussed towards the high-profile infrastructure, the humble household waste recycling centre (HWRC) is perhaps on the verge of a quiet revolution. Modulo-béton, based in Belgium, but active in 17 other countries, specialises in producing pre-cast reinforced concrete units for the construction of split-level HWRCs and waste transfer stations.

The modules are to a patented design and are manufactured in each national market, using local materials, and to a large extent are bespoke for each individual project. It is this aspect that allows the modules, and the accessories that are available to complement them, to be tailored to address the needs of individual clients. This flexibility would allow a site to be created that also provides circulation and parking capacity, together with ramps and barriers that are in line with what is commonly expected in the UK.

Of particular importance, perhaps, is that once installed the modules can easily be added to, or indeed moved, giving the individual HWRC an inherent level of “future-proofing”. Finally, once the concrete modules are no longer required, they can be crushed and the materials re-used elsewhere.

Waste Disposal Sites

Best Practice

It is generally accepted that a “best practice” solution to the construction of HWRCs is to create a split-level arrangement, thus providing the opportunity to physically separate the users tipping at the upper area and site operations at the lower area.

The Modulo-béton units are based on this concept, and it is suggested that on a like-for-like basis, a split-level site created from these modular units is more cost-effective than an equivalent traditional build (ie, cast in-situ reinforced concrete retaining walls with backfill). That assumption has yet to be fully tested in the UK market, however, experience from a large number of projects on the continent (in excess of 200 to date) has shown that another potentially important benefit is the speed with which such a site can be constructed. Once the groundworks are complete (eg a levelled/surfaced site), the absence of them having sub-surface foundations means the modular units can feasibly be delivered and installed within a matter of days. Alternatively, in the case of an existing HWRC to be refurbished, they offer a comparatively rapid solution to converting an existing at-grade site to split-level. In either case this could be a significant advantage if, for example, the alternative is to have an existing site out of action for several months, meaning a prolonged reduction in local HWRC capacity and material capture rates.

The modules can be produced in heights of between 900mm and 2 800mm. Units in excess of around 2 000mm in height provide another potential benefit for HWRC site owners and operators in that the void created below the deck can be used for additional material or equipment storage or workshops. The decks of the units are typically 3 000mm x 3 000mm; as these can be safely transported on the highway without a police escort, however narrower (from 1 000mm) or wider (up to 4 000mm) deck dimensions can also be created if required. Decks can also be specified to support between 3.5 and 29 tonnes.

A recent visit to the newly built HWRC in Dilbeek, near Brussels in Belgium, offered a good example of a site constructed with Modulo-béton units, unusually located underneath a motorway bridge.

In the Flemish area of Belgium residents pay for the deposit of non-recyclable materials. Users are required to swipe an identity card on entry to the site – if only recyclables are to be deposited then free access is granted to the recycling zone (in this case the recycling zone is a simple arrangement of roll-on-off containers with steel staircases). If non-recyclable/heavy materials are to be deposited then users are required to access a separate zone, after passing over a weighbridge, and the calculated charge being debited from their account.

This zone is a split-level arrangement formed of Modulo-béton units, with a fairly steep ramp up and off. Materials such as green waste, panes of glass, soil and hardcore, and bulky waste are all deposited from the upper area into dedicated containers below. The raised deck  was 2 200mm high and made of units 3 000mm x 4 000mm. Underneath the deck the owner had opted to take advantage of the storage opportunities and part of the void space was used for the storage of pallets of plastic refuse sacks, while another section housed mini-sweepers, and a final section had been converted to a workshop (fully lit and ventilated).

There are a range of security doors that can be fitted, so, in the UK, for example, these void spaces could feasibly be used to house WEEE, fluorescent tubes or many of the other fractions of materials that are collected at typical HWRCs (or indeed packaged bags of compost, that are increasingly being made available for sale at some HWRC sites). In addition, this site also utilised the purpose-built, stand alone Modulo-béton storage modules, in this case a double-bunded store for hazardous liquids/paints.

By utilising the pre-cast Modulo-béton units, this new HWRC was constructed within three days of completion of the groundworks (levelling of site, installation of drainage and surfacing), which was a major advantage in ensuring that the site was operational as soon as possible.

Modulo-béton will has recently constructed its first modular HWRC in the UK, and it is hoped that, in due course, these modules will be able to offer an added measure of innovation and flexibility to the national HWRC network.

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